An Exploratory Case Study on Types of Teaching and Learning with Digital Textbook in Primary Schools
The purpose of this study was to analyze the types of lesson and its effectiveness with digital textbook. To address those goals, we had observed 5 classes of the primary school. which were designated as a research pilot school for digital textbook. Based on the result of observation, 3 types of lesson with digital textbook were found out: Teacher-directed lecture (type 1), Blended learning (type 2), and Flipped learning (type 3). Depending on the type of lesson was analyzed the positive and negative effectiveness by means of matrix analysis method. As a result, in teacher-directed lecture (type 1), there was found out the participation of the lesson in atmosphere of stable and comfortable as positive experience, also digital textbook operating immature and boring as negative experience. In Blended-learning (type 2), there was found out the fun by sharing the product and peer feedback, and flow by learning transfer as positive experience, also digital textbook operating immature and understanding the difference between assignments as negative experience. In Flipped learning (type 3), there was shown the positive attitude and send of ownership in the lesson as positive experience, also distracting and boring in the lesson when learner was excluded in participation as negative experience. Based on the results, we suggested some strategies for improving positive experience and protecting negative experience in the lesson with using digital-textbook.
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